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Facing The 2023 Downturn: A Start-Up's Guide To Resilience

It is time to go back to the fundamentals, which means an increased focus on profitability

Facing The 2023 Downturn: A Start-Up's Guide To Resilience

Outlook Start-Up Desk

POSTED ON August 15, 2023 2:15 PM

On a global scale, India is poised to weather this funding winter far more easily as most top-tier venture capital and private equity (VC/Pes) are holding on to large funds raised in previous years, an indicator that we could see intense investment cycles ahead.

India has recently emerged as the third largest start-up ecosystem, closely following the economic titans— the US and China. Though it might come across as a recent phenomenon, the seeds of this growth were planted almost four decades ago. 

It started in the 1980s when seven engineers founded tech giant Infosys with a meagre capital of $250. These young engineers who were enthusiastic about writing codes and wanted to make it big in the international market gave India’s first iconic start-up story. 

Following in their footsteps, other firms like TCS and Wipro further cemented the country’s prowess in the world economy. As a result, we now have an industry that employs 4.8 million people and is expected to touch $19.93 billion by 2025. 

Then came the iconic 90’s, which witnessed the launch of Airtel, India’s largest telecommunication company. Initially, it was an import enterprise dealing with generators, pivoting to manufacturing cordless phones, fax machines and other telecom gear. The decade was also instrumental in establishing strong banking models with banks like ICICI, Axis and HDFC, which are now considered among the top 10 banks of India.

The Story Now

Fast forward to today, India has seen a dramatic rise in both diversity and the number of start-ups. It has undoubtedly garnered significant attention due to the sheer volume of entrepreneurial ventures and the global funding movement. 

The nation now has a robust network of angel investors, and every significant venture capital or private equity company is keen to invest in the growth of India Inc. In a recent analysis, Indian unicorns, or start-ups worth $1 billion or more, had a combined valuation of more than $340.79 billion. The list will appear much more remarkable if you include the extensive names of ‘soonicorns’— companies poised to become unicorns soon. 

Even the pandemic couldn’t deter the country’s growth story for long. More specifically, in the last two years, many new businesses from varied industries have realigned their strategy to fit into the fast-changing scenario.

As per an industry report, Indian start-ups received nearly $24 billion in funding in 2022, a 33% fall from the nearly $37 billion they raised in 2021. The report also highlighted that fundraising stood at $3.8 billion across 298 deals in H1 of 2023, compared to $5.9 billion raised in the first half of 2022.

The data above indicates that 2022 was a slow year; even the first six months of this year have been below average. The start-ups expect some good funding rounds in the remaining half of this year. Big-ticket acquisitions are becoming harder to find as investors hesitate to take risks.

Can Start-Ups Expect A Turnaround Amid Funding Winter?

While we have seen funding winter for the last two to three quarters in India, the Indian economy is least impacted by the market, and we expect things to turn around in another quarter or so. Early signs are already visible in the seed-stage start-ups and public markets. It is a matter of time before things go upward again for start-ups in the growth stage, especially for those with strong fundamentals.

It is time to go back to the fundamentals, which means an increased focus on profitability. Even though this is evergreen advice for any business, the optimum moment to put this into reality is during a probable economic slump. 

It’s important to craft immediate strategies to reduce low-priority expenditures, carefully watch high-priority costs, and adopt a more watchful approach regarding ongoing operational costs. This can be backed by focusing on winning customers. 

Start-ups can keep their Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC) to a minimum by leveraging their strategic partnerships. It is important to create industry relationships that can convert users/consumers with high intent (or retain existing ones) rather than blowing resources on garnering a million eyes to your brand with a poor conversion percentage.

Similarly, embrace the culture of a frugal and lean approach. Being lean involves much more than just saving money. Experiment small and scale up only after proof of success. Many organisations invest a lot of effort and money in developing solutions that don’t have the desired impact. A lean approach makes it easier to eliminate ineffective concepts and confirm those with actual potential quickly.

During times of uncertainty, the impact of using a data-driven approach for business planning and strategy is the key. However, the focus should only be on the metrics that can help you to make decisions, not the much overrated off-the shelves analytics popularly known as vanity metrics. Even though they can make you feel fantastic, they can also prove hardly insightful for ensuing any positive action.  

Innovate And Collaborate

Additionally, a market downturn shouldn’t hinder your expansion plans. The success stories of Netflix and Groupon were written in the era of the financial slump. It is essential to consider strategic alliances and partnerships with allied players to scale up more effectively. 

Lastly, foster transparency and trust with your employees, customers, and investors. The vision is to create a sustainable business through a better customer experience, an engaged workforce, and trusted investor relationships.

On a global scale, India is poised to weather this winter far more easily as most top-tier funds in India have raised record funds this year, an indicator that we could see intense investment cycles ahead. 

The buildup of dry powder is primarily due to a recent pullback by VC funds that are being picky about their investments. The focus is on companies with strong fundamentals and a path to profitability. Moreover, recent global developments have further improved India’s relative attractiveness as an investment destination for many investors. 

To sum up, not all will be lost in the coming months. Resilient start-ups will continue to emerge gloriously during such times, especially the ones who have reinvented themselves and relied on business fundamentals, while many others operating on vanity might perish in the long run. 
-        Sourabh Deorah, co-founder and CEO of Advantage Club

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